Bloom of the Month: Sunflowers

sunflowers

Sunflowers are indeed a happy sight to behold. However, these flowers are not just about beauty. They are also multipurpose plants that can deliver birdseeds, useful oil, healthy snacks, and more. If you are curious about Helianthus Annuus and want to know more about it, you have come to the right place!

An Introduction to Sunflowers

Like corn, tomatoes, and potatoes, sunflowers did not originate in Europe. They were cultivated in North America. Their origins date all the way back to 3000 BCE. During that time, they were mostly developed for oil, dye, and food. Around the 1500s, Spanish conquistadors started exporting these products to the rest of the world.

Did you know that each sunflower’s head comprises smaller flowers? Yes, and the petals you see around the outside are identified as ray florets. While these petals cannot reproduce, the disc florets in the middle can. That’s where the seeds develop. There are three basic ways that sunflowers can reproduce: 1) the seeds are transported by insects; 2) the wind blows the pollen away; 3) they self-pollinate.

Another interesting characteristic of this cheery flower is heliotropism. These flowers “track” the sun. Young blossoms and their flower buds face east in the morning and follow the Sun as the Earth rotates. However, the weight of a sunflower increases during seed production. Its stems will become stiff and the mature flower heads will most likely remain facing east.

Know Your Sunflowers

There is a wide range of sunflowers and they are usually broken down into three main groups: coloured sunflowers, dwarf sunflowers, and tall sunflowers. Let’s take a look at some of their variations:

  • Russian Mammoth: Thrives in Mediterranean climate and can be between nine to 12 feet tall.
  • Little Becka: Great choice if you want to add a splash of colour to your garden. They can grow up to two feet.
  • Sunforest Mix: Can grow up to 15 feet high. Needs plenty of room to grow.
  • Skyscraper: This sunflower feature 14-inch flower petals.
  • Moulin Rouge: One of the most uniquely coloured sunflowers. They have burgundy red petals that are simply extravagant.
  • Sundance Kid: A pioneering dwarf sunflower that was successfully domesticated. Can grow up to two feet tall.
  • Sunny Smile: This miniature sunflower blooms best in early to late summer. Thanks to their sturdy stalks, they are easy to grow and are children-friendly and pet-friendly.

What Do Sunflowers Symbolize?

Sunflowers are typically associated with happiness, strength, power, positivity, and warmth. They earn these meanings because of their strong resemblance to the Sun itself. In China, these flowers are considered as good luck charms for various occasions, such as new business openings and graduations. Below are more meanings for your reference:

  • Brighten up one’s mood
  • Nourishment
  • Loyalty
  • Feelings of platonic love, admiration, and adoration
  • Longevity

What do sunflowers mean to you?

Where to Buy Sunflowers in Singapore?

Sunflower bouquets can be bought as gifts for your loved ones and the people you care about. You can even give them as a form of thanking someone. If you are looking to get the freshest sunflowers in Singapore, look no further than The Flower Factory. We carry beautiful floral arrangements, such as “You’ve Worked Hard” and “Shine Bright.”