The main principles of floral design include emphasis, balance, harmony, scale, proportion, and rhythm. You can create gorgeous floral arrangements if you understand these basic flower-arranging rules and learn to use them correctly. Yes. It’s true, that for bridal bouquets, more individuals are riding the trend of opting for garden picked posies and/or randomly gathered elements for their floral designs and arrangements. However, the above principles remain as the core to great floral design and can help you avoid creating a random mess. So, whether you are interested in the basic principles of floral design or studying floristry, here are some evergreen tips for floral design:
A proper floral design needs to have a focal point or an area of emphasis to draw the viewers’ eye to that point. It is considered to be the main feature in the design. You can create emphasis by placing contrasting or dominant materials, in a grouping or singularly. If you aim to increase the contrast of the focal point, you can tweak your design via texture, colour, size, or form.
When it comes to floral design, there are four types of balances to keep in mind. They include:
- Open balance: Floral designs that incorporate radial or parallel groupings of flowers.
- Asymmetrical balance: Designs that feature materials being distributed unequally on either side of the arrangement.
- Symmetrical balance: Creating a mirror image of either side. Both sides of the arrangement contain the same quantity of materials.
- Physical balance: Refers to the careful distribution of materials and achieving a balanced weight throughout the arrangement. This ensures that the blooms do not fall over and stand upright as intended.
Unity and Harmony
In floral design, unity is achieved when all the elements and principles of the design are well executed. The floral piece is viewed as a complete piece that’s pleasing to the eye. Harmony, on the other hand, refers to the pleasing combination of textures, colours, and materials in a floral design. When elements such as accessories, containers, foliage, and the flowers blend well together and match the design’s intended purpose, harmony is achieved.
Scale and Proportion
When designing floral arrangements, scale and proportion are closely related. Scale refers to the size relationship between the setting of the floral design and the overall finished piece. For example, the overall venue space in relation to a table centrepiece for a wedding. Proportion also refers to size relationships but elements such as the accessories in a design, container, foliage, and flowers. In many cases, pleasing groupings and proportions often include groups of three or five in floral design. In addition, proportion is achieved when the design is 1.5 or two times the size of the container, in terms of width or height.
Getting the rhythm right is important because it allows your design to appear in motion and hold the viewer’s attention. The rhythm of the design depends on the placements within the arrangement, i.e. space, texture, line, form, material, and colour. If done right, you allow your viewers’ eye to move around and through the arrangement, from the edges to the focal point and back again.